Anamorphic Shooting – Is There an Ideal Sensor Size?

August 22nd, 2019
Anamorphic Shooting - Is There an Ideal Sensor Size?

In this guest post, Vancouver-based freelance filmmaker and an anamorphic lens freak Tito Ferradans is sharing his thoughts about anamorphic shooting and the ideal sensor size with us. 

The BMPCC 6K pushed anamorphic modes into Blackmagic’s cheaper models – such modes were previously reserved for the URSA lineup. Anticipating an increase in questions on this subject, I wrote this post.

There are lots of misconceptions about sensor size and anamorphic shooting. I believe this started with the Panasonic GH4, but let me first explain the issue. Every other day I get messages from people “informing” me they can’t use 2x lenses because their camera does not have an anamorphic mode.

They say they’re limited to 1.33x or 1.5x lenses and they don’t know what to choose. Some are even more hardcore and ask for camera recommendations. The Sony a7S II does not have an anamorphic mode, yet, I’ve been shooting anamorphic on it for three years now and it never gave me trouble. I recently got a Panasonic GH5 which features an anamorphic mode.

What is Anamorphic Mode, and why is it Good to Have it?

Anamorphic lenses squeeze more field of view onto the sensor. There’s a lot more to them, but this is the aspect we’re dealing with now. Let’s say the ideal anamorphic lens has a 2x squeeze, which means that you have to double the width of your footage in post production for your shot to look correct.

Simple math time: shooting 16:9 (and then doubling the width of the frame) yields a bit of an extreme aspect ratio: 3.56:1, so far reserved for lens tests and Taylor Swift music videos.

Cameras with anamorphic modes allow you to record different areas of the sensor, not necessarily 16:9. The GH4 allows 4:3 aspect ratio, the BMPCC 6K offers 6:5. Using a 2x scope, 4:3 becomes 2.66:1 and 6:5 becomes 2.4:1, classic CinemaScope. These modes are not using the full width of the sensor though. Basically, the camera is cropping out the sides of the footage for you. Is that what anamorphic mode represents?

The exception here is the GH5 and its Open Gate mode. Since Panasonic’s GH series has a 4:3 sensor, their techs figured “why not let people record the entire sensor area?”. This leads us to the actual advantages of anamorphic modes.

What are the Advantages of Anamorphic Mode?

The minor advantages of an anamorphic mode are that it makes more efficient use of the available sensor area and thereby requires substantially less or no crop in post-production. It also allows for better use of the camera’s bitrate over the final image area.

The biggest advantage of a proper anamorphic mode though is that it uses a larger sensor height compared to 16:9 video. If you look at the numbers and schematics below, the difference is easy to see on the GH5 and other cameras that record Open Gate (thanks Arri). This gives you a frame that is not only wider after stretching, but also taller!

But if you look at the BMPCC 6K, Ursa Mini 4.6K and others, things are a little different…

Not only you are missing additional height offered in 16:9 modes, you are also locking yourself out of the valuable possibility of reframing in post-production.

So There are the Advantages of not Having/Using it?

If your camera has an anamorphic mode but it doesn’t add any height to the output compared to your other recording modes you are basically discarding information that could be useful later.

That is why I never complained of shooting 2x anamorphic with the Sony a7S II. I set it up with 4:3 crop marks and record 16:9 all the way. The only thing that really matters is that I get clean footage in the marked 4:3 area. Anything usable beyond those marks is a bonus and it allows me to reframe in the editing process to balance out compositions or even create camera moves that didn’t exist before.

Sony a7S II + Atlas Orion 40mm T2 2x Anamorphic Lens. See how the 2.4:1 area is clear?

Bottom line: Always aim for the mode that gives you the most vertical resolution and better use of the sensor, even if you have to crop some of the frame later. You’ll have more data, more sensor area and more image to work with. If you’re on a tight deadline, sure, skip the crop and do it all in camera.

Regardless, if you are lost or new on how to deal with those post-production aspects, I have videos up on how to set proper aspect ratios in all major editing software and how to crop footage easily too!

Now, it looks as if to maximize your scope’s capabilities you will need to get the Panasonic GH5. 

An Afterthought in “Anamorfaking”

If you don’t have anamorphic lenses and you still want to craft the anamorphic look, the BMPCC 6K also offers a 2.40:1 recording mode that will give you a frame that is perfect CinemaScope although shot with spherical lenses. No need to hassle with cropping later. You can combine this aspect ratio with modified lenses and filters to create a look that would otherwise cost a fortune! More on anamorfaking soon in an upcoming post here on cinema5D.

If you don’t have a brand new BMPCC 6K, most other cameras offer some type of crop marks or overlays that allow you to frame for 2.40:1 or 2.35:1 while still shooting 16:9. Framing with crop marks will give you an accurate idea of your final framing and save you from unexpected cropping issues such as too much headroom or chopped heads!

Is filming with anamorphic lenses or adapters interesting for you? Would you like to craft your anamorphic filming skills by reading more related content on our site? Let us know in the comment section below. 

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Darun McNeal
Darun McNeal
Guest
July 6th, 2020

Based on the GH5 manual it looks like it will only do 4.2.0 and 8-bit when recording 4:3 thus reducing the capacity to grade as compared to raw 12 bit 4.2.2. of the BPMCC4k right?

Jan Kek
Member
August 24th, 2019

There is a camera I want to use for filmmaking one day. It’s only VGA resolution(640×480) and 4×3; if I ever get to use it and earn some money with it… I want to explore the option to contract an anamorphic lens for it. I could chose an easy ratio as 2x to have it display correctly. 1.3x or 1.5x would need more pixel doubling. However one think I thought about is rotating it to have the sensor be 3×4 than stretch it 2x to 1.5 ratio. It’s not even 16:9 but better than 4×3 on today’s screens and platforms.

I have to explore image circle and the option of having my whole camera assembly rotate by 90°.I could have 1.3 (circular lens), 1.5(2x, on its side) and even 2.6(2x) aspect rations at my hand. Not sure if there is rolling shutter or other issues with operating a camera like this sideways.

Thanks for the article.

 Bruno Miguel
Bruno Miguel
Member
August 24th, 2019

Tito, thanks for your great article.
Is there any budget lens to whom wants to enter in a anamorphic world using A7s2 or a6500 ?

Thanks

 Nasir Aziz
Nasir Aziz
Member
August 24th, 2019

This is fantastic Tito! Wish I can have one hour with you in person, that would be awesome! I am in Seattle though.

Currently building/modding a BMPCC camera with in-body stabilization and anamorphic single focus lens system. Mostly for travel/run&gun shooting. Would love to chat with you about that if possible?

 Nasir Aziz
Nasir Aziz
Member
August 24th, 2019
Reply to  Tito Ferradans

You got it, 2.5 hours of drive. I visit there often. I’ll definitely coordinate with you for a meetup and compensate for your time in person. I’ll send you a message.

 Nasir Aziz
Nasir Aziz
Member
August 26th, 2019
Reply to  Tito Ferradans

What’s the best way to get in touch with you to plan an in-person meetup?

 Nasir Aziz
Nasir Aziz
Member
August 26th, 2019
Reply to  Tito Ferradans

Done!

Member
August 23rd, 2019

FINALLY a good write-up on this ridiculous topic. People spew misinformation about 2X, anamorphic lenses and “modes” on the daily. So sick of it. I was shooting anamorphic on GH2 before variable diopters even existed, let alone “modes,” or even monitor desqueezing. The monitors these days are so versatile in terms of desqueeze and cropping, that “modes” don’t matter (unless as sated it gives more vertical sensor area).

 Jeremy Solterbeck
Jeremy Solterbeck
Member
August 23rd, 2019

Maybe talk about the lenses too. There are now a lot, the new Vazen, there are some fakes with the old projector lenses, and also some serious lenses on the used market. What are some lens reccos for various levels of production? Is it worth buying an anamorphic lens that isn’t PL mount? Thanks

 Miguel Pescetto
Miguel Pescetto
Member
August 22nd, 2019

I would like to know more

 blazintommyd blazintommyd
blazintommyd blazintommyd
Member
August 22nd, 2019

Please do. It’s interesting.

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